A large site of Meroitic monuments date back to the 3rd century BC, Musawwarat es-Sufra is constructed in sandstone and made up of temple complexes. Not an island in the typical sense, the Island of Meroë is a semi-desert landscape in Nubia, the ancient region between the Nile and Atbara rivers in modern Sudan.

The area contains 3 ancient sites (including Musawwarat es-Sufra) that represent the centre of the Kingdom of Kush, which flourished between 270 BC - 350 AD and whose empire extended from the Mediterranean to the heart of Africa.

Located some 150 kilometres north-east of Khartoum, the archaeological sites of the Island of Meroë, including Musawwarat es-Sufra, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

The Zamani Project team spatially documented the five temples of the Great Enclosure of Musawwarat es-Sufra as well as the nearby Apedemak (or Lion Temple) in 2009 and 2018. 


> Humboldt University
> Andrew W. Mellon Foundation
> The Saville Foundation

Collaborators / Partners 

> Dr. Cornelia Kleinitz (Institut für Archaeologie, Humboldt-Universität, Berlin)

3D model of the Apedemak (Lion) Temple

3D model of the insideof Apedemak (Lion) Temple

3D model of Temple 100

3D model of Temple 200

3D model of Temple 300

3D model of Temple 400

Panorama Tour

Panorama Tour of the great Enclosure

Panorama Tour

Panorama Tour of the
Apedemak (Lion) Temple 

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